To inform. To preserve. To inspire.
Welcome to Assyrian Information Management (AIM),
the virtual Internet-based academic repository
which created and currently manages
on December 10, 1996, during the early
years of the Internet, the
organization's primary objective is to promote Assyrian
language and culture.
The freedom provided by editorial discretion and consensus,
enables us and fellow activists to
present our perspective and related information into accurate and comprehensive articles.
AIM has developed and managed many Internet related projects, click on
Projects section for details. AIM is
also independent of political persuasion, tribal affiliation,
religious creed and is financed primarily by
business affiliations and
socially responsible and
believe in promoting Assyrian businesses and organizations by
investing in their goods and services. We accomplish this by
advertising their banners through our highly effective website
are selective in choosing companies and organizations to list in our
advertising system. This ensures our Internet presence
and advertising system are free from
distracting marketing clutter that is present throughout the
Internet. Additionally, we do not accept any outside
advertisements, preferring to manage our own
and search systems.
server system and its websites consisting of web documents, images,
photographs, audio and video files, are blended together to form a
unique Internet presence. Due to the nature of this activist model
of operations and independence, we depend on the financial donations from people like you.
Activist model summary:
Consistent and professional online presence
Thousands of Assyrians visit monthly for activism and research
Respected by Assyrian individuals, activists and organizations
Referenced by major websites and search directories
Unique activists' publishing features and information
Will you please donate today
and help keep this website online?
"What a blessing!"
— Toni Hofer
Elk Grove, California. USA [North America]
are a volunteer-based organization. The people developing the
website(s) are Assyrian activists, artists, authors, engineers, journalists,
and writers, and their scope of work and participation
varies according to their professional experience and skill levels. There are
also English-speaking scholars who write, translate and
forward articles. We are volunteers and devote our time to bring
tangible results for our communities.
support Assyrian activists and friends of Assyrians.
Would you like to help?
Share — linking your
website to atour.com and/or posting the website's links to
important documents on other websites, it's free and simple
and helping support these online projects
Shop — shopping and purchasing items through our business affiliations website
Fundraise — having fundraising efforts within your local organizations and
communities to financially support our
volunteering to write articles or gathering historical
documentation and photographs, and sharing that information with
us through our
which will eventually appear on various sections of the website
Are you part of an active Assyrian organization or business?
Are you interested in working together with us and fellow Assyrians?
share your activism in the
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|Kurds Confiscating Ancestral Lands of Indigenous Assyrians
Turkey: Court Rules State Can Seize Assyrian Monastery's Land
Treasures of ancient civilization in North Iraq are threatened – Modification of historical landscape must stop
New Human Rights Policy Report promises more Protection for Minorities – European Commission must put its Commitments into Practice
Human Rights Report warns of Extinction of Assyrian Minority in Iraq
Turkish Court Takes Monastery's Land, Declares Assyrians 'Occupiers'
An Assyrian Exodus (film)
Iraqi Christians Still in Danger, Feel Neglected by Al-Maliki Government
Islamic Cleric Incites Muslim Kurds during Friday Prayers, Attacks on Assyrian Businesses Follow
20 Miles Closer to Nineveh (film)
Islamic Terrorists Bomb Churches in Iraq
Human Rights Tragedy in Syria: Yacoub Hanna Shamoun
Transient | a story of Assyrian Iraqi refugees (film)
Defying Deletion: The Fight Over Iraq's Nineveh Plains (film)
Mourning in the Garden of Eden (film)
Christian Leaders Unhappy with Lack of Action on Nineveh Plain
2010-2003 - Assyrians face Religious Persecution and Ethnic Genocide
Two Assyrians killed, 80 Wounded in Iraq Bus Bombing
Iraqi Christians rejected by the Iraqi Government and IHEC
Kurdish Minister - Rich Star, or Pawn?
Christians Want Police Protection in Iraq
Facing Extinction: Assyrian Christians In Iraq
Assyrians — a historical summary
The Assyrians of today are the indigenous
descendants of the ancient Assyrian people, one of the earliest
civilizations emerging in the Middle East, and have a history
spanning over 6760 years. Assyrians are not Arabian or Arabs, we are
not Kurdish, our religion is not Islam. The Assyrians are
Christian, with our own unique language, culture and heritage.
Although the Assyrian empire ended in 612 B.C., history is replete
recorded details of the continuous presence of the Assyrian
people till the present time.
The Assyrian kingdom, being one of the base roots of Mesopotamia,
encouraged urbanization, building of permanent dwellings, and
cities. They also developed agriculture and improved methods of
irrigation using systems of canals and aqueducts. They enhanced their language
that served as a unifying force in writing, trade and business
transaction. They encouraged trade, established and developed
safe routes, protecting citizens and property by written law.
They excelled in administration, documented their performance and
royal achievements, depicting their culture in different art forms.
They built libraries and archived their recorded deeds for
prosperity. They accumulated wealth and knowledge; raised
armies in disciplined formation of infantry, cavalry and war-chariot
troops with logistics; and built a strong kingdom, an unique
civilization and the first world empire.
The heartland of Assyria lays in present day northern Iraq, northeastern
Syria, southeastern Turkey, and northwestern Iran. The remains
of the ancient capital of Assyria, Nineveh, is next to Mosul in
Prior to the Assyrian Holocaust
which occurred before, during and after World War I, the major
Assyrian communities still inhabited the areas of Harran, Edessa,
Tur Abdin, and Hakkari in southeastern Turkey, Jazira in
northeastern Syria, Urmia in northwestern Iran, and Mosul in
northern Iraq as they had for thousands of years.
The world’s 4 million Assyrians are currently dispersed with members of
the Diaspora comprising nearly one-third of the population.
Most of the Assyrians in the Diaspora live in North America, Europe
and Australia with nearly 460,000 residing in the United States of
America. The remaining Assyrians reside primarily in Iraq and
Syria, with smaller populations in Turkey, Iran, Lebanon, and
The Assyrians are not to be confused with Syrians even though some
Syrian citizens are Assyrian. Although the name of Syria is
directly derived from Assyria and Syria was an integral part of
Assyrian civilization, most of the people of Syria currently
maintain a separate Arab identity. Moreover, the Assyrians are
not Arabs but rather have maintained a continuous and distinct
identity, language, culture, and religion that predates the
of the Near East. In addition, unlike the Arabs who did not
enter the region until the seventh century A.D., the Assyrians are
the indigenous people of Mesopotamia. Until today, the
Assyrians speak a
the actual language spoken by Jesus Christ. As a Semitic
language is related to Hebrew and Arabic but predates both. In
addition, whereas most Arabs are Muslim, Assyrians are essentially
Assyrians were among the first to accept Christianity in the first
century A.D. through the Apostle St. Thomas. Despite the
subsequent Islamic conquest of the region in the seventh century
A.D., the Church of
the East flourished and its adherents at one time numbered in
the tens of millions. Assyrian missionary zeal was unmatched
and led to the
first Christian missions to China, Japan, and the Philippines.
The Church of the East stele in
China bears testament to a thriving Assyrian Christian Church as
early as in the seventh century A.D. Early on, the Assyrian Church
divided into two ancient branches, the Syrian Orthodox Church and
the Church of the East. Over time, divisions within these
Assyrian Churches led to the establishment of the Chaldean Church
(Uniate Catholic), Syrian Catholic Church, and Maronite Church.
Persistent persecution under Islamic occupation led to the migration
of still greater numbers of Assyrian Christians into the Christian
autonomous areas of Mount Lebanon as well. With the arrival of
Western Protestant and Catholic missionaries into Mesopotamia,
especially since the nineteenth century, several smaller
congregations of Assyrian Protestants arose as well. A direct
consequence of Assyrian adherence to the Christian faith and their
missionary enterprise has been persecution, massacres, and ethnic
cleansing by various waves of non-Christian neighbors which
ultimately led to a decimation of the Assyrian Christian population.
Most recently and tragically, Great Britain invited the Assyrians as
an ally in World War I. The autonomous Assyrians were drawn
into the conflict following successive massacres against the
civilian population by forces of the Turkish Ottoman Empire, Kurds,
Arabs and Persians. Although many geopolitical and economic
factors were involved in provoking the attacks against the
Assyrians, a jihad or holy war was declared and served as the
rallying cry and vehicle for marauding Turks, Kurds, and Persians.
Although the Muslim holy war against the Armenians is perhaps better
known, over three-fourths, or
750,000 Assyrian Christians were also killed between 1843-1945
during the Assyrian Holocaust.
The conflict and subsequent
Holocaust led to the decimation and dispersal of the Assyrians.
Those Assyrians who survived the Holocaust were driven out of their
ancestral homeland in Turkish Mesopotamia primarily toward the area
of Mosul Vilayet in Iraq, Jazira in Syria, and the Urmi plains of
Iran where large Assyrian populations already lived. The
massacres of 1915 followed the Assyrians to these areas as well,
prompting an exodus of many more Assyrians to other countries and
continents. The Assyrian Holocaust of 1915 is the turning
point in the modern history of the Assyrian Christians precisely
because it is the single event that led to the dispersal of the
surviving community into small, weak, and destitute communities.
Most Assyrians in the Diaspora today can trace their emigration from the
Middle East to the Assyrian Holocaust of 1915. Many, who fled
from their original homes into other Middle Eastern countries
subsequently, just one generation later, once more emigrated to the
West. Thus, many Assyrian families in the West today have
experienced transfer to a new country for three successive
generations beginning, for instance, from Turkey to Iraq and then to
the United States.
World War I, after the Assyrians sided with the victorious Allies, Great Britain had promised
the Assyrians autonomy,
independence, and a homeland.
question was addressed during postwar deliberations at the
League of Nations. However, with the termination of the
British Mandate in Iraq, the unresolved status of the Assyrians was
relinquished to the newly formed Iraqi government with promises of
certain minority guarantees specifically concerning freedom of
religious, cultural, and linguistic expression. The Assyrians
lost two-thirds of their population during the World Wars.
Simele Genocide (Syriac:
Premta d-Simele) was the first of many massacres committed by
the Iraqi government during
systematic genocide of Assyrians of Northern Iraq in August
1933. The term is used to describe not only the massacre of Simele,
but also the killing spree that continued among 63 Assyrian villages
in the Dohuk and Mosul districts that led to the deaths of an
estimated 3,000 innocent Assyrians. Today, most of these
villages continue to be illegally occupied by Arabs and Kurds.
Currently, the Assyrians are religiously and ethnically
persecuted in the Middle East due to Islamic fundamentalism,
Arabization and Kurdification
policies, leading to land expropriations and
forced emigration to the West.
\ã-'sir-é-ä\ n (1998)
1: an ancient empire of Ashur
a democratic state in Bet-Nahren, Assyria (northern Iraq, northwestern
Iran, southeastern Turkey and eastern Syria.)
3: a democratic state that fosters the social and
political rights to all of its inhabitants irrespective of their religion,
race, or gender
4: a democratic
state that believes in the freedom of religion, conscience, language,
education and culture in faithfulness to the principles of the United
Nations Charter —
\ã-'sir-é-an\ adj or n (1998)
1: descendants of the ancient empire of Ashur
2: the Assyrians, although representing but one single
nation as the direct heirs of the ancient Assyrian Empire, are now
doctrinally divided, inter sese, into five principle ecclesiastically
designated religious sects with their corresponding hierarchies and
distinct church governments, namely, Church of the East, Chaldean,
Maronite, Syriac Orthodox and Syriac Catholic. These formal
divisions had their origin in the 5th century of the Christian Era.
No one can coherently understand the Assyrians as a whole until he can
distinguish that which is religion or church from that which is nation
-- a matter which is particularly difficult for the people from the
western world to understand; for in the East, by force of circumstances
beyond their control, religion has been made, from time immemorial,
virtually into a criterion of nationality.
the Assyrians have been referred to as Aramaean, Aramaye, Ashuraya,
Ashureen, Ashuri, Ashuroyo, Assyrio-Chaldean, Aturaya, Chaldean, Chaldo,
ChaldoAssyrian, ChaldoAssyrio, Jacobite, Kaldany, Kaldu, Kasdu, Malabar,
Maronite, Maronaya, Nestorian, Nestornaye, Oromoye, Suraya, Syriac,
Syrian, Syriani, Suryoye, Suryoyo and Telkeffee. — Assyrianism
Ethnicity, Religion, Language
Israeli, Jewish, Hebrew
Assyrian, Christian, Aramaic
Saudi Arabian, Muslim, Arabic
1: a Semitic language which became the lingua franca of
the Middle East during the ancient Assyrian empire.
2: has been referred to as Neo-Aramaic, Neo-Syriac, Classical
Syriac, Syriac, Suryoyo, Swadaya and Turoyo.